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主語從句和表語從句講義

名詞性從句

主語從句

主語從句是在主句中做主語的句子。它由連接詞引導,通常位於謂語動詞前。Your words make him angry.

What you said makes him angry.

(1)連詞。

通常在從句中不做任何成分。有三個:that, whether 和if。

※that 不做任何成分,沒有實際意義。

※whether 和if 不做任何成分,但有”是否”的意思。

※If引導的主語從句一般不位於句首。

(2)連接代詞。

常有:who, whom, whose, what, which, whoever, whomever, whatever, whichever. ※在從句中常做主語、賓語、表語或定語。

※有具體含義,且不可省略。

(3)連接副詞。

常有:when, where, why, how, whenever, wherever, however.

※常做從句的狀語,表示時間,地點,原因,方式等。

(4)it代替主語從句做形式主語。

句子結構有

①It +系動詞+形容詞+that從句

②It+系動詞+名詞+that從句

③It+系動詞+動詞過去分詞+that從句

一、翻譯下列句子

1. Whether we will win depends on ourselves.

2. That he got the first prize excited us all.

3. What we should do with the problem is undecided.

4. I’m wondering whatever you said made him so angry.

5. What worries us most is who let out the secret.

6. How they will solve the serious problem has not been decided.

7. Why he did that wasn’t quite clear.

8. Where we can look up his address is still a question.

9. It is quite clear that the whole project is to be a failure.

10. It is likely that there will be a snowstorm tomorrow.

11. It’s no wonder that you have achieved so much success.

12. It is a pity that you didn’t attend their wedding.

13. It is said/reported/announced that the plan has been cancelled.

主語從句和表語從句講義